Coxa magna and severe osteoarthrosis in an adult from the Bronze Age

Coxa magna and severe osteoarthrosis in an adult male from the Bronze Age necropolis Torre Velha 3 (Serpa, Portugal)

is the new paper authored by CIAS’ members Daniel Fidalgo and Ana Maria Silva. The work analyzed one individual from the Bronze Age necropolis of Torre Velha 3 (Serpa, Portugal) affected by unilateral severe osteoarthrosis and coxa magna. Through the skeletal analysis, the authors suggest long-term movement impairment and social care implications during the Southwestern Iberian Bronze Age.

The complete paper is available in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Volume 32, and HERE.

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Abstract

A middle-age adult male from the Bronze Age necropolis Torre Velha 3 (Serpa, Portugal) shows an enlarged right femoral head (coxa magna) with severe osteoarthrosis, and compatible changes on the right acetabulum. Using macroscopic and X-ray analysis, we discuss its possible aetiology as Legg-Calvé-Perthes, slipped femoral capital epiphysis, congenital hip dislocation, osteomyelitis or trauma. The results were inconclusive, given the lack of clinical data, and the challenge of analysing pathological conditions that developed during childhood in mature skeletal remains. Nonetheless, it is possible that this individual had an abnormal gait, which impacted his daily activities, besides having benefited from help from members of his community.

Coxa magna and severe osteoarthrosis in an adult from the Bronze Age

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